Gender and Rhetoric: Producing Manhood in the Schools<sup>†</sup>

Amy Richlin

in Sex and Difference in Ancient Greece and Rome

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780748613199
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651016 | DOI:
Gender and Rhetoric: Producing Manhood in the Schools†

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The question of the relation of gender to rhetoric could not well have been considered before the Roman gender system itself came to be examined, and indeed seems not to have arisen. Recent years have seen a surge of relevant research, most of which shows the influence of the Berkeley New Historicists, treating the rhetorical schools and performance halls as loci of gender construction, places where manhood is contested, defended, defined and indeed produced. Related approaches deal with Rome in the context of cultural studies, the ideological apparatus of which, of which rhetoric is surely a part, is analysed as part of an organic cu1ture. This chapter focuses mainly on gender construction in the rhetorical schools, spotlighting the elder Seneca. It first discusses gender and public space, Orientalism and the tirocinium fori (‘recruitment to the forum’). The chapter then examines style and gender in public performance, acting and actio, and the debate over oratorical style known as the split between Atticists and Asianists.

Keywords: Rome; gender; rhetoric; rhetorical schools; manhood; gender construction; Seneca; Atticists; Asianists; actio

Chapter.  8372 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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