Archaeology and Gender Ideologies in Early Archaic Greece<sup>†</sup>

Ian Morris

in Sex and Difference in Ancient Greece and Rome

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780748613199
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651016 | DOI:
Archaeology and Gender Ideologies in Early Archaic Greece†

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This chapter discusses the role of archaeology in writing proper histories of Greek gender ideologies in the archaic period. The greatest achievement of feminist historians in the 1970s was to force the profession to take gender seriously as an organising principle in human history. Gender relations seem less rigid in Homer than in Hesiod or Semonides, and historians commonly argue that boundaries hardened during the early archaic period. The chapter looks at changes in the use of domestic space in the eighth century, and suggests that the contrast between Homer and the later sources represents an important diachronic shift in gender ideologies in the central parts of ancient Greece, around the shores of the Aegean Sea. It begins by analysing the evidence for household space in fifth- and fourth-century Athens and its relationships to gender ideologies, and then summarises some of the early archaic evidence.

Keywords: Athens; ancient Greece; gender ideologies; Homer; household space; archaeology; gender relations

Chapter.  3889 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Classical History

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