Chapter

How Sin Was Born

Jean Bottéro

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780748613878
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653584 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0015
How Sin Was Born

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The Semites always attributed responsibility for all the happenings that affect and cause problems in this world to supernatural beings: gods. For that reason, they were regarded as the promoters and guarantors of all the infinite obligations – positive or negative – that govern human life. All stemmed from the explicit decision of the gods, and whoever infringed so much as one of them was thus resisting their will, scorning their commands or neglecting them, rebelling against the gods' authority – shades of meaning which, in the Semitic languages, synonymously contributed to a definition of that disobedience towards the gods which was the fundamental essence of sin, through which one might at any moment enter into conflict with the supernatural world, since no area or moment of life eluded their authority.

Keywords: Semites; supernatural; gods; obligations; authority; disobedience; sin

Chapter.  6256 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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