Chapter

The Modern Economy: Scotland and the Act of Union

T. M. Devine

in The Transformation of Scotland

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780748614325
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653348 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748614325.003.0001
The Modern Economy: Scotland and the Act of Union

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This chapter begins from the perspective that the backwardness of pre-Union Scotland was until recently exaggerated, with the consequence that the impact of the Union appeared to be greater to historians than was the case. The Union gave Scottish merchants greater and secure access to English markets, including the colonies, but the case of Ireland shows that an incorporating union may not be followed by economic development. It asks why Scotland was not converted into a colonial appendage of the English economy. It looks at how Scots took advantage of the opportunities offered by the Union, particularly in the four critical decades after 1740.

Keywords: Union; Scotland; English markets; economic development

Chapter.  9088 words. 

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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