Germany and Italy

Victor Rothwell

in War Aims in the Second World War

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780748615025
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651283 | DOI:
Germany and Italy

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Although not all people in the German orbit were intended to suffer so drastic a fate, it would be difficult to find statements that express better than these the true spirit of Nazi German war aims. This chapter also examines Italian war aims and Italy’s downward journey from unwanted ally of the Third Reich to national downfall, and becoming itself the object of expansionist German aims. While Hitler was not the sole progenitor of German war aims, he was of fundamental importance, and was not wholly typical of the radical right in the Germany of the Weimar Republic. There was a medium-power defensive element in the aims that impelled Italy to enter the war in Europe on 10 June 1940, centred on preserving the country as a fully independent state and the continuing rule of the Fascist Party by Mussolini.

Keywords: Nazi German; Italy; Third Reich; national downfall; Hitler; Weimar Republic; Mussolini

Chapter.  19215 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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