Chapter

Institutionalising English Criticism: Men of Letters, Modernism, Tradition and Theory

Gary Day

in Literary Criticism

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2008 | ISBN: 9780748615636
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652099 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615636.003.0007
Institutionalising English Criticism: Men of Letters, Modernism, Tradition and Theory

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This chapter argues that an English degree is closely tied to market and management philosophies. The continuity between the concepts of criticism and capitalist economics re-established that connection, and challenges the conventional view that the values of literature stand opposed to those of commerce. Criticism is speaking or writing about literature, but its idiom, tone, priorities, and direction connect with wider ideas about the individual and society. I. A. Richards pioneered the use of practical criticism. Based on what he said, it is clear that the difference between good and bad art is that the former arouses, organises, and fulfils many more impulses than the latter. F. R. Leavis and Frederic Winslow Taylor used the concept of the part and the whole to understand the literary work and the factory organisation, respectively. Blog, self-publishing, and a potentially worldwide audience democratises the acts of writing and commentary.

Keywords: English criticism; capitalist economics; modernism; practical criticism; I. A. Richards; F. R. Leavis; Frederic Winslow Taylor

Chapter.  29799 words. 

Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies

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