Chapter

Consolidation and organisation, 1581–1726

Helen M. Dingwall

in A Famous and Flourishing Society

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9780748615674
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653355 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615674.003.0003
Consolidation and organisation, 1581–1726

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This chapter deals with a turbulent century in the history of Scotland, one that was significant in terms of the consolidation and development of the Incorporation and its organisation and functions. For the first two centuries of its existence – or at least the period from 1581, when the written records commence – the Incorporation was shaped and influenced by a number of interacting and, at times, conflicting factors. The period saw the final secularisation of medical training and the emergence of an organised medical orthodoxy. This was a lowland, urban phenomenon, centred on claims made by emergent groups of trained practitioners for ‘custody’ of medical and surgical knowledge, which was then defined as the orthodoxy. After 1680, the Incorporation would be much more heavily involved in dealing with external disputes and influences. By 1726 the early crises of numbers were over, though not entirely so, and the Incorporation participated more fully in outside matters. Quarrels about jurisdiction and demarcation were certainly not over, but by that time it was a strong force in Edinburgh society.

Keywords: Incorporation; Scotland; Edinburgh; jurisdiction; demarcation

Chapter.  23945 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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