Chapter

The Celts of Iberia

Bernhard Maier

in The Celts

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780748616053
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672219 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616053.003.0006
The Celts of Iberia

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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This article begins with a description of Celts in the Iberian peninsula, whom classical authors called ‘Celtiberians’. The Celtiberians were divided into numerous tribes, including the Belli, with their important settlement of Segeda in the valley of the Jalón; the Arevaci, with their capital of Numantia in the upper Duero basin, in the western part of the modern province of Soria; the Pelendones in the area between the Duero and the Moncayo; and the Berones on the upper Ebro in the locality of Briones, which was named after them. All these tribes first impinged upon the consciousness of the Romans in the first half of the second century bc when the Romans were seeking to bolster their power in the region, after the defeat of Hannibal in the Second Punic War and the expulsion of the Carthaginians from Spain. The discussion then turns to Rome's wars against the Celtiberians and the pre-Roman languages of Spain.

Keywords: Iberian peninsula; Celtiberians; Romans; tribes; Spain; languages

Chapter.  2413 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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