Brittany from Prehistory to the Union with France

Bernhard Maier

in The Celts

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780748616053
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672219 | DOI:
Brittany from Prehistory to the Union with France

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This chapter traces the history of Brittany from prehistory to the union with France. In December 1491 Anne married Charles VIII of France and, after his death in 1499, his successor Louis XII. Their daughter Claude married Francis of Angoulême, the heir to the French throne. This joining of the Breton and French states and dynasties came to completion in 1532, when Francis I proclaimed the ‘union in perpetuity’ of Brittany and France. When Brythonic Celts migrated to Brittany in the late classical period, they brought with them their insular Celtic tongue, from which the Breton language, closely related to Cornish and Welsh, would later evolve. From the Old Breton period (between the sixth and eleventh centuries) almost all that has come down to us is explanatory glosses to Latin texts and names of people and places.

Keywords: Bretons; French; Celts; Breton language

Chapter.  2798 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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