Chapter

Scotland Moves into the Age of Enlightenment

Alexander Broadie

in A History of Scottish Philosophy

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780748616275
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652471 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616275.003.0006
Scotland Moves into the Age of Enlightenment

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This chapter considers three philosophers of the earliest years of the Scottish Enlightenment: Gershom Carmichael, George Turnbull and Francis Hutcheson. Carmichael, who is critical of many of Samuel Pufendorf's teachings, is for Pufendorf an important aspect of the cultivation of sociability, for the latter argues that the demand ‘that every man must cultivate and preserve sociability so far as he can’ is that to which all the duties are subordinate. The main lines of thinking in Turnbull's Principles of Moral Philosophy and Christian Philosophy are reviewed. Hutcheson wrote An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, a work comprising two treatises, the first concerning beauty and the second concerning virtue. Hutcheson's Essay further emphasises the role of the study of morals as a means to the practice of morality.

Keywords: Scottish Enlightenment; Gershom Carmichael; George Turnbull; Francis Hutcheson; Scotland; Samuel Pufendorf; Moral Philosophy; Christian Philosophy; beauty; virtue

Chapter.  19160 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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