Chapter

The 1690s: a nation in crisis

Christopher A. Whatley

in The Scots and the Union

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9780748616855
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672271 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616855.003.0006
The 1690s: a nation in crisis

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This chapter examines the ‘four disasters’ of the 1690s in Scotland: harvest failure and famine; war, the erection of tariff barriers overseas; Darien – the failed attempt by the Scots to establish a trading colony in central America. It is argued that notwithstanding the ambitions of leading Scots, the nation was close to crisis by the end of the 1690s mainly owing to difficulties listed above which, it is suggested, were inter-related. Scotland, in a sense was at a crossroads: to seek a better and closer relationship with England, or to go it alone.

Keywords: Harvest failure; Famine; Trade and tariffs; The Company of Scotland; Darien

Chapter.  24342 words. 

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