Chapter

Independence by Force: The Effects of the Paramount Decree on Independent Film Production

Yannis Tzioumakis

in American Independent Cinema

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780748618668
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748670802 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618668.003.0004
Independence by Force: The Effects of the Paramount Decree on Independent Film Production

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The chapter examines the impact of the Paramount Decree of 1948, a Supreme Court decision that aimed to break the oligopoly of the studios in the American film industry, on independent production. The decision, alongside a number of other factors that included audience declines, the introduction of television and changes in the industry, turned the film studios from producers to financers of top-rank independent production, effectively adopting this mode of filmmaking as their preferred method of operation. Top-rank independent filmmaking then became interchangeable with studio filmmaking, even though a number of creative filmmakers continued to make films that prevented Hollywood cinema from complete standardisation. The chapter also examines how United Artists emerged as the most successful Hollywood studio in the post-Paramount Decree era, primarily through its support of top-rank independent production. Case study: Stanley Kramer and its Lomitas Production films for United Artists.

Keywords: Paramount Decree; Top-rank independent production; Studio production; United Artists; Major studios

Chapter.  12565 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Film

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