This chapter argues that in the 2000s American independent cinema lost some of its cache. Overproduction, the move of the Hollywood studios in the independent sector and an increasing institutionalisation since the l990s made American independent cinema a less prestigious and ‘important’ enterprise compared to the previous two decades. With films made outside the US enjoying noteworthy commercial success at the North American box office and with both the independent distributors and the studios’ specialty labels participating in their distribution, the chapter proposes a shift from the term independent to the less ‘charged‘ and more easily definable term ‘specialty film’ to account for these developments
Keywords: Specialty film; World cinema; Institutionalisation; Specialty labels; Independent distributors
Chapter. 1425 words.
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