Chapter

Radicalism, Revolution and Counter-Cinema

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich and Sharon Monteith

in Film Histories

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780748619061
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748670888 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.003.0017
Radicalism, Revolution and Counter-Cinema

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This chapter discusses the surge in alternative filmmaking around the world in the second half of the 1960s, and the growth of left-wing radicalism as revolutionary struggles in the Third World inspired one another and motivated student radicalism in Europe and the United States. Stylistically, this radicalism manifested itself in two main ways. On the one hand, there was an interest in both realism and documentary, in which filmmakers sought to engage audiences politically by exposing social processes and conditions. On the other hand, there was an interest in avant-garde strategies that were designed to challenge audiences' perceptions and question the ideological workings of cinema itself. The article also includes the study, ‘Cinema Novo’ by Randal Johnson, which sets out to provide a sense of the main historical and cultural contexts for Brazilian cinema and its development, and to map the key films and tendencies. This also involves a political history in which the political conditions that shaped Cinema Novo are explored along with the politics of this movement itself.

Keywords: alternative filmmaking; radicalism; Third World; revolutionary struggles; documentary; film history; Brazilian cinema; Randal Johnson

Chapter.  7382 words. 

Subjects: Film

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