Chapter

Caesar Saved by the Jews

Edited by Luciano Canfora and Julian Stringer

in Julius Caesar

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780748619368
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748670734 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.003.0024
Caesar Saved by the Jews

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Caesar owed his salvation to the Jews, and this he never forgot. The decisive battle that lifted the siege in which he was trapped in Alexandria was the battle of Pelusium, followed immediately by that of the Jewish Camp. Here Antipater decided the battle against the Egyptians in Caesar's favour, after the Egyptians had overwhelmed the flanking force commanded by Mithridates. According to Josephus Flavius it was Antipater who forced the surrender of Pelusium and entered the city first. Brandishing the directives of Hyrcanus he secured the support of the Jews from the Memphis area. In the battle of the Jewish Camp (in the Nile Delta) Antipater, with his Jewish troops, not only saved those who survived the battle, but lost scarcely fifty men, compared with Mithridates' 800 killed.

Keywords: Julius Caesar; Jews; Alexandria; battle of Pelusium; Jewish Camp; Antipater; Mithridates; Josephus Flavius

Chapter.  3708 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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