Chapter

The Long Civil War

Edited by Luciano Canfora and Julian Stringer

in Julius Caesar

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2007 | ISBN: 9780748619368
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748670734 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.003.0026
The Long Civil War

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The distinguishing feature of this civil war, different from all the others between the first century bc and the third century ad, was that it never ended. The forces in the field remained in balance, neither side able to achieve conclusive military success. For Caesar, the most urgent imperative each time was to achieve decisive victory on the field of battle, and, immediately or at the same time, to seek a political solution that would re-establish the balance of power. Hence his policy of clementia, and hence his chosen solution: ‘Caesarism’ (dictatorship) plus accord with the aristocracy.

Keywords: Julius Caesar; civil war; clementia; Caesarism; dictatorship

Chapter.  7079 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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