Bruce of Annandale

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780748620227
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672189 | DOI:
Bruce of Annandale

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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This chapter opens by tracing the family history of the Bruces. In the twelfth century King David I of Scotland granted land in Annandale, controlling one of the main routes into southwestern Scotland, to Robert Bruce, a Norman landowner in Yorkshire; his younger son inherited this and established the line of Bruces in Scotland. The fifth Bruce to hold Annandale (Robert Bruce the Competitor, grandfather of the eventual king) was a descendant through his mother of David I, which gave him a claim to the Scottish throne after the death of the infant Queen Margaret in 1290. By that date, the Guardians had already negotiated with Edward I to arrange marriage between Margaret and the future Edward II; on her death, they invited Edward to decide which of the possible claimants to the Scottish throne should be king, the two strongest claimants being John Balliol and Robert Bruce.

Keywords: Bruce family; Annandale; Robert Bruce the Competitor; Queen Margaret (the Maid of Norway); Edward I; John Balliol

Chapter.  10311 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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