To decide the succession dispute (the Great Cause), Edward I set up a court of 104 auditors under himself on the model of the centumviri of the Roman republic; of the fourteen competitors for the throne, ten had only weak claims and Balliol and Bruce's claims had most support. Bruce had wider political support in Scotland, but most contemporaries recognised that Balliol's case was stronger according to primogeniture and the court decided for him in November 1292, with his enthronement as king at Scone following soon after. Balliol did homage to Edward on both occasions. Immediately after this, Balliol found he had to remonstrate with Edward for encouraging a Berwick burgess to bring a case on appeal to Edward's curia regis.
Keywords: The Great Cause; Edward I; John Balliol; Robert Bruce (the Competitor); Scone; Appeal
Chapter. 8000 words.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)
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