Chapter

Two Kinds of War

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780748620227
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672189 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0005
Two Kinds of War

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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Edward's response to these developments was to besiege and sack Berwick in the spring of 1296, defeat the Scottish army at Dunbar and lead his invasion force as far north as Elgin, removing treasures, such as the Stone of Destiny, on the way. Scottish landowners had to swear fealty to Edward. By August 1296 Edward was once more on his way south, leaving Earl Warenne as an (absentee) lieutenant and Hugh Cressingham as treasurer. In 1297 William Wallace attacked English officials in Lanarkshire and Perthshire, while Andrew Murray did likewise in the north. At Stirling Bridge Wallace defeated an English force under Warenne and Cressingham.

Keywords: Edward I; Berwick; Dunbar; Stone of Destiny; Earl Warenne; Hugh Cressingham; William Wallace; Stirling Bridge

Chapter.  9910 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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