Experiments in Guardianship

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780748620227
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672189 | DOI:
Experiments in Guardianship

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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This chapter examines the work of William Wallace and Andrew Murray (d. 1297) as Guardians of Scotland 1297-8. Starting with an examination of the titles they used, and noting that John Balliol, by 1297 in English custody, was still recognised as king, it goes on to look at Wallace's invasion of Northumberland 1297 and the election of William Lamberton as bishop of St Andrews late in that year. Lamberton was to help build up diplomatic contacts with Pope Boniface VIII. Edward I led an army into Scotland in 1298, defeating Wallace at Falkirk; the latter now stepped down as Guardian, while Robert Bruce (the future king) and John Comyn of Badenoch were elected Guardians in the latter half of 1298.

Keywords: William Wallace; Guardians of Scotland; William Lamberton; Pope Boniface VIII; Edward I; Falkirk; Robert Bruce; John Comyn of Badenoch

Chapter.  9422 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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