Chapter

Revolution

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780748620227
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672189 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0009
Revolution

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On 10 February 1306 Bruce launched his bid for the Scottish throne by murdering John Comyn of Badenoch in the Dumfries Greyfriars. He was aware that the Comyns would be opposed to his claim to the Scottish throne; by contrast, he knew he could rely on support from Bishop Robert Wishart of Glasgow and Bishop Lamberton of St Andrews. Bruce's inauguration as king followed in March 1306 at Scone Abbey. Taken by surprise, Edward I made Aymer de Valence his lieutenant in Scotland with powers to pursue a scorched earth policy; many of Bruce's supporters were imprisoned and Bruce himself, after his forces were routed at Methven, made a circuitous escape from Scotland, eventually leaving from Dunaverty Castle at the foot of Kintyre. Bruce's support within Scotland was strongest in the south-west (Galloway excepted) and the Firth of Clyde.

Keywords: Robert Bruce; John Comyn of Badenoch; Dumfries; Robert Wishart; William Lamberton; Edward I; Aymer de Valence; Methven; Dunaverty Castle

Chapter.  9974 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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