The Turn of the Tide

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780748620227
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672189 | DOI:
The Turn of the Tide

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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This chapter traces events in Scotland 1309-14. For most of this period Lothian and the Merse with their castles of Edinburgh, Roxburgh and Berwick were in English hands. Bruce forced the inhabitants of this area to pay blackmail and also undertook raids into the northern English counties on a regular basis. Most of the castles still in English hands in 1309 had been captured by the spring of 1314, some by attrition and some through daring rope-ladder attacks led by James Douglas and Thomas Randolph. Stirling, besieged in 1313 by Robert Bruce's brother Edward, was allowed a one-year truce until the summer of 1314.

Keywords: Lothian; Edinburgh; Roxburgh; Berwick; James Douglas; Thomas Randolph; Edward Bruce; Stirling

Chapter.  8493 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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