Chapter

Bannockburn

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2005 | ISBN: 9780748620227
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672189 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0012
Bannockburn

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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To relieve Stirling and to ‘suppress the wicked rebellion of Robert Bruce’, Edward II planned a major campaign with forces of perhaps 15000 infantry and 2-3000 cavalry; against this, the forces available to Bruce were perhaps 1/3 of the English total. On 23 June 1314 Bruce's army was stationed on the main road leading south from Stirling as Edward's army approached from Falkirk. Attacks by parts of the chaotically led English force were repulsed and it withdrew a short way to camp for the night. When the two armies met the next morning the narrowness of the battlefield made it hard for the English to manoeuvre, and many were filled by Scottish spearmen tightly packed in schiltroms. Edward II was forced to flee by his advisors and his army then dispersed in chaos. The numerous English captives taken by the Scots were useful for bargaining but the failure to capture Edward himself meant that Bruce could not yet demand peace on his terms, i.e. English recognition of Scottish independence.

Keywords: Stirling; Edward II; Robert Bruce; Bannockburn; Schiltroms

Chapter.  14977 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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