Stalin’s actions and the part played by Litvinov

Sabine Dullin

in Men of Influence

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780748622191
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651290 | DOI:
Stalin’s actions and the part played by Litvinov

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When Maxim Litvinov became People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs in July 1930, the Soviet diplomatic service had already been functioning for more than ten years. But, it was able to forge its own identity alongside rather than in opposition to the international communist movement. Having been subjected to the ‘Great Break’ orchestrated by Stalin, the internal evolution of the Soviet Union, as well as aspects of the international situation, necessitated a certain number of innovations in both the exercise and the objectives of its foreign policy. In studying these twin forces – Stalin's Kremlin and the Commissariat for Foreign Affairs under Litvinov – which shaped foreign policy and the relationship between them, this chapter reflects upon the paradoxical conjuncture of an undoubtedly hardening ideological, political and economic position within the USSR; diplomatic openness; and desire for consensus abroad.

Keywords: Maxim Litnivov; Stalin; foreign policy; Kremlin; communist movement; USSR

Chapter.  12998 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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