Chapter

Memory

David Martin-Jones

in Deleuze, Cinema and National Identity

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780748622443
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651085 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622443.003.0003
Memory

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This chapter explores how memory functions in the movement- and time-image, first explaining habit and attentive recollection, the two types of memory found in Henri Bergson's Matter and Memory (1896). Using Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo (1958), it shows that these two types of memory characterise memory in the movement-image. The chapter then turns to Gilles Deleuze's work on the three syntheses of time from Difference and Repetition (1968). The first two syntheses draw upon Bergson's two memory types. However, they are ungrounded in a third synthesis, based upon Friedrich Nietzsche's eternal return. This third type characterises memory in the time-image, and is illustrated through an examination of 81?2 (1963). The chapter concludes by relating the construction of character memory in these two films to their respective constructions of national identity.

Keywords: Henri Bergson; memory; movement-image; time-image; Vertigo; Gilles Deleuze; national identity; Friedrich Nietzsche; habit; attentive recollection

Chapter.  14538 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Film

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