Chapter

‘More Than Ever “Ourselves Alone”’: January–June 1941

Robert Cole

in Propaganda, Censorship and Irish Neutrality in the Second World War

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780748622771
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651337 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622771.003.0005
‘More Than Ever “Ourselves Alone”’: January–June 1941

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In 1941, pressure on Eire increased, but so did Eire's determination to remain neutral. Critics of neutrality were harsh. Many Irish Americans regarded Britain as a villain and gave Eire full support. Opinion polls in January 1941 indicated that 40 per cent of Irish Americans opposed Eire neutrality, favoured England having the use of Eire bases and either thought America should enter the war or were uncommitted – but were not opposed to it. Broadcast propaganda increased, including Axis broadcasts. The censors dealt with many issues, including what would need to be done ‘in the event of actual hostilities beginning in 1941’, and increasing strictures on press items sent abroad by telephone or telegraph. Mainstream press censorship turned around the maintenance of Eire's neutrality and security. The censor was surprisingly lenient on press coverage of American military aid to Britain.

Keywords: Eire neutrality; Britain; America; Broadcast propaganda; security; American military; press censorship

Chapter.  10262 words. 

Subjects: Media Studies

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