From ‘Operation Barbarossa’ to Pearl Harbor: June–December 1941

Robert Cole

in Propaganda, Censorship and Irish Neutrality in the Second World War

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780748622771
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651337 | DOI:
From ‘Operation Barbarossa’ to Pearl Harbor: June–December 1941

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With the launch of ‘Operation Barbarossa’, as the Germans termed the invasion of Russia, the war of words over Eire neutrality expanded – and took on a few variations in direction as well. Irish Americans were growing more antagonistic towards America's increasingly pro-British interpretation of neutrality. Pro-Eire Irish-American propaganda did not end with assaults on the American Irish Defense Association. Eire appeared almost amenable to British Catholic propaganda compared to the Irish audience in America, at least as it was represented in the Irish-American press. The censor was much harder on the Eire press, which had a significantly larger circulation. Then came 7 December, and the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The United States was catapulted into the thick of the global conflict, and in 1942 would emerge as an ‘official’ participant alongside Britain in the war of words over Eire neutrality.

Keywords: Operation Barbarossa; Pearl Harbor; war of words; Eire neutrality; propaganda; United States; Britain

Chapter.  10876 words. 

Subjects: Media Studies

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