Chapter

Contested Democracies

Peter M. R. Stirk

in Twentieth-Century German Political Thought

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780748622900
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652730 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622900.003.0003
Contested Democracies

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The end of the First World War brought with it the collapse of the two German regimes and the disintegration of the Habsburg Empire. Both the Weimar Republic and the Austrian Republic were of short-lived duration, and this has often been traced to the incompleteness of the break with the past which took place in 1918 The new republics, especially the Weimar Republic, were contested democracies facing critics from the right and the left. The history of the Weimar Republic has inevitably been coloured by its collapse and by the National Socialist era that followed. The position of the two states in the international order was a contributing factor to the sense of discontent. The Versailles Treaty with its ascription of responsibility for the First World War to Germany and its allies was almost universally bitterly resented.

Keywords: First World War; German regimes; Habsburg Empire; Weimar Republic; Austrian Republic; National Socialist; Versailles Treaty

Chapter.  12912 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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