Chapter

The Political Thought of the Exiles

Peter M. R. Stirk

in Twentieth-Century German Political Thought

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780748622900
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652730 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622900.003.0005
The Political Thought of the Exiles

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Exile was a European-wide phenomenon, but Germans and Austrians accounted for about two-thirds of those who left Europe for America. Some fell within the grip of National Socialism or its allies for a second time, and some did not survive. Others found refuge in the handful of countries that managed to remain neutral throughout the war, such as Switzerland or England. Exile meant being deprived of German citizenship and, for German Jews, being exposed to the anti-semitic prejudices of the police and immigration officials across Europe and in the new world. The road to the heterogeneous coalition that finally defeated Germany was a long and tortuous one. Appeasement, American isolationism, the alliance between Germany and the Soviet Union and the subsequent German invasion of the Soviet Union formed the backcloth for an interpretation of the international order as one governed by suspicion and uncertainty.

Keywords: German exile; Austria; National Socialism; Europe; German Jews; American isolationism; Soviet Union; immigration

Chapter.  11349 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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