Chapter

Refounding the Democratic Order

Peter M. R. Stirk

in Twentieth-Century German Political Thought

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780748622900
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652730 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622900.003.0006
Refounding the Democratic Order

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The unconditional surrender of Germany and the Allied assumption of full sovereign power raised the question of whether Germany had ceased to exist as a state. After the effective division of Germany, it served as part of the basis for the desire for reunification. Occupation, revelations about the crimes of the Third Reich, and division also inevitably raised questions about the nature of German identity. The political system of the Federal Republic was regulated by a Basic Law, a term chosen to emphasise the provisional character of the west German state. Because of the embodiment of the ideology in the German Democratic Republic, German political thought in this period was affected by the emphasis upon economic reconstruction and the so-called economic miracle of the 1950s.

Keywords: Germany; sovereign power; Allied powers; Third Reich; Federal Republic; Basic Law; economic reconstruction

Chapter.  12047 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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