Making Peace a Fighting Word

John Jenks

in British Propaganda and News Media in the Cold War

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780748623143
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651344 | DOI:
Making Peace a Fighting Word

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This chapter focuses on the most serious Soviet propaganda challenge in the early Cold War, the peace movement that became the World Peace Council. Peace became a fighting word in the late 1940s. Pro-Soviet partisans fought for peace and built peace fronts, while anti-Soviet forces accused them of peace mongering and tried to counter-attack against the Soviet-backed peace offensive. The Reuters news agency's objective coverage of the peace movement, with factual quotes and descriptions, presented a special problem to the government. By the mid-1950s, a non-aligned peace movement emerged in response to public worry about the next generation of nuclear weapons – the hydrogen bomb – and internal problems in the Communist movement. The Communists must take a large share of the blame for discrediting peace in the 1950s. Anti-Communist forces mobilised considerable power and influence to discredit the Soviet-backed peace movement.

Keywords: peace; Soviet propaganda; Cold War; World Peace Council; fighting word; hydrogen bomb; Communist movement

Chapter.  8650 words. 

Subjects: Media Studies

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