Chapter

The Nature and Standing of the Early Western Colonies

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780748623334
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653577 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0016
The Nature and Standing of the Early Western Colonies

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This chapter focuses on the world of the Greek cities of the West, drawing particular attention to the huge empty gaps in the map of the Greek colonies in the West as well as the relatively wide spacing of the colonies that were established. Overpopulation and land hunger, as motives for the colonising movement, have always had to confront the objection that, whatever the level of population in the Greek cities in the second half of the eighth century may have been, it was so much higher in the fifth, and that supplementary factors must at least be called in to explain the early recourse to colonisation. The strongest of these factors must have been the injustices in the distribution of land and the access to power. Hunger for land probably existed in early Greece. These are, however, not very controversial sentiments with which to overlay the chapter's general acceptance of one of the main tenets of recent scholarship on the settlement of the western Mediterranean, namely, its cosmopolitanism.

Keywords: Greece; cities; West; Mediterranean; cosmopolitanism; colonies; colonisation; land; settlement

Chapter.  5655 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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