Chapter

The Hoplite Reform and History

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780748623334
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653577 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0017
The Hoplite Reform and History

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‘The unparalleled nature of the find’ of the Panoply Tomb at Argos has now been qualified by the excavation of two other contemporary burials at the site, with helmets and other weapons. This chapter examines the archaeological evidence for the use of hoplites by Etruscans, Romans, and Greeks in warfare, as well as their possible effects on military tactics, in the critical period of the eighth and seventh centuries BC. The equipment of arms and armour, which modern writers tend to group together as the ‘hoplite panoply’, was originally a motley assemblage. The combination of all these and other elements together was an original Greek notion; as was their later association with a novel form of massed infantry tactics, the phalanx. The hoplite reform and the path to power of the early tyrants are subjects which impinge on one another in several cases, but the relationship of the two events may have to be reconsidered.

Keywords: Panoply Tomb; Argos; hoplites; phalanx; warfare; armour; hoplite panoply; hoplite reform; tyrants; weapons

Chapter.  9806 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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