Chapter

Survey Archaeology and the Rural Landscape of the Greek City

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780748623334
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653577 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0024
Survey Archaeology and the Rural Landscape of the Greek City

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The revelation that, in Boeotia and certain other areas of Aegean Greece, the classical Greek countryside was covered by a network of small but closely-spaced activity areas was clearly apparent by 1990. A degree of support for this basic finding is claimed from many other survey projects in Greece; but for the interpretation of the finding, that the ‘activity areas’ are in fact the remnants of isolated farmsteads, occupied at least seasonally by agriculturalists, a much more dramatic confirmation came a few years later, with the publication of Hans Lohmann's work in a different part of Greece, southeastern Attica. Archaeological survey, pioneered in very different conditions and for very different purposes elsewhere, has come to fill a specific need in Mediterranean archaeology. It is uniquely adapted to cope with the long-standing void of relative ignorance in our understanding of the rural landscape of the ancient Greek city. There was a common practice of locating very intensive in-field cultivation, of the nature of gardening more often than agriculture, in the immediate vicinity of a Greek town or farm.

Keywords: Greece; Attica; archaeological survey; agriculture; rural landscape; archaeology; farmsteads; Boeotia; countryside; Hans Lohmann

Chapter.  9026 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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