Chapter

A Multifaceted and Formulaic Identity

Fiona M. Douglas

in Scottish Newspapers, Language and Identity

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780748624379
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671533 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624379.003.0006
A Multifaceted and Formulaic Identity

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The discussion in Chapter 2 suggested that historicity and heritage were important facets in national identities, and stressed the vertical (historical) as well as horizontal (contemporaneous) axis. This chapter investigates the extent to which this vertical axis can be identified in the newspapers' use of formulaic features. Formulaic language and Scottish stereotypes offer familiar and reliable ways of invoking a sense of Scottishness and so the chapter also deals with the quotations, allusions, proverbs and sayings, idioms, and other fixed expressions and recurring collocations that were noted in the newspaper texts. It considers the potential sources for these and asks what their significance is in the newspapers' construction and maintenance of a Scottish identity. The chapter also considers whether particular Scots words and phrases trigger associations with the three well-known Scottish stereotypes — Tartanry, Kailyard, and Clydesidism — and investigates whether the appeal to these stereotypes varies between newspapers.

Keywords: Scottish identity; national identity; newspapers; formulaic language; Scottish stereotypes; Scottishness; Tartanry; Kailyard; Clydesidism

Chapter.  12252 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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