Chapter

Hollywood Strikes, the Right Strikes Back

Reynold Humphries

in Hollywood's Blacklists

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780748624553
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651153 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624553.003.0005
Hollywood Strikes, the Right Strikes Back

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This chapter focuses on the prolonged and violent strikes that shook Warner Brothers in 1945 and 1946, and the consequent right-wing backlash within the industry (and beyond). The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) had investigated Communism in Hollywood as early as 1940, and the union struggles throughout the 1930s had left indelible traces within the ranks of those opposed to unionisation within the film industry. If the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals was the explicitly right-wing manifestation of anti-Communism in Hollywood, its creation in early 1944 was not a purely local phenomenon but a sign of the times. The reaction of Hollywood liberals to its creation was in keeping with the anti-fascist alliance of the war years.

Keywords: Warner Brothers; Hollywood; HUAC; Communism; film industry; Motion Picture Alliance; anti-Communism; liberals

Chapter.  5416 words. 

Subjects: Film

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