Chapter

Turning Back the Clock: The Restoration Settlement of 1661

Gillian H. MacIntosh

in The Scottish Parliament under Charles II, 1660-1685

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2007 | ISBN: 9780748624577
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653409 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624577.003.0002
Turning Back the Clock: The Restoration Settlement of 1661

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This chapter talks about the Restoration Settlement in 1661. In early February 1649, the Scottish parliament immediately declared Charles II as the lawful successor and king of Great Britain, Ireland, and France when Charles I was beheaded. The first meeting of Scottish parliament for ten years began on 1 January 1661. Seventy-five nobles, fifty-six commissioners representing thirty-one shires, sixty-one commissioners representing sixty burghs, and five officers of state were to sit in session for over six months due to the large amount of governmental and private business which the re-establishment of a monarchical constitution entailed. All innovations introduced in the 1640s were swept away within a matter of days and the stage set for the reintroduction of episcopacy in the ensuing parliamentary sessions, something that looked impossible at the beginning of the Restoration.

Keywords: restoration settlement; Scottish parliament; Charles II; Charles I; restoration; Great Britain; Ireland; France

Chapter.  14898 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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