Chapter

A Century of Revolutions: The Cretan Question between European and Near Eastern Politics

Leonidas Kallivretakis

in Eleftherios Venizelos

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780748624782
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671267 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0002
A Century of Revolutions: The Cretan Question between European and Near Eastern Politics

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This chapter discusses the phenomenon of the successive rebellions of varying range and intensity that broke out throughout the whole of the nineteenth century (1821, 1833, 1841, 1858, 1866, 1878, 1889, 1895, 1897), mainly in western Crete — on occasion with the backing of the Greek government but frequently, even against the wishes of the official Greek state. This phenomenon is not encountered in other Ottoman provinces, where the subject populations were not solid and were not marked by homogeneity of religion, language, or collective consciousness, and where the political, social, and economic conditions had developed in different directions.

Keywords: Crete; rebellions; nineteenth century; Ottoman provinces; Greek state

Chapter.  11111 words.  Illustrated.

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