Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement

Michael Llewellyn Smith

in Eleftherios Venizelos

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780748624782
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671267 | DOI:
Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement

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This chapter describes Venizelos' diplomacy and foreign policy, and assess his achievement in the crucial phase of his career which stretched from his assumption of office in Greece in 1910 to the turning point in Greek foreign policy marked by the Treaty of Lausanne. It argues that, though briefly attracted after the Young Turk revolution by the idea of co-existence of the Greek and other Christian minorities with Muslims, in a modernised, multinational Ottoman Empire, he soon developed a foreign policy based on the nationalist premises of the Great Idea. He pursued this by means of internal reform and alliances with the liberal Western powers, until circumstances destroyed it in fire and bloodshed in 1922. This foreign policy was consistent with Venizelos' vision of a modernised, European Greece. The dominant influence of the Great Powers in the Eastern Mediterranean and Balkans, though it sometimes entailed humiliation for Greece, justified Venizelos' willing dependence on them.

Keywords: Eleftherios Venizelos; foreign policy; diplomacy; Treaty Lausanne

Chapter.  26013 words. 

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