Chapter

Union: The Religious and Political Background, 1689–1706

Jeffrey Stephen

in Scottish Presbyterians and the Act of Union 1707

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780748625055
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653423 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625055.003.0001
Union: The Religious and Political Background, 1689–1706

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This chapter discusses the religious and political background preceding the Anglo-Scottish union. It explores two key constitutional documents which provided the foundation of the Revolution Settlement of 1689–90: The Claim of Right and the Articles of Grievances. It notes that these documents represented a Scottish desire for constitutional and ecclesiastional reform. It reports that the estates abolished Episcopalian church government on 22 July 1689 taking their lead from the Claim of Right. It further reports that William introduced changes to the electoral process, following discussion with Scottish political elites, resulting in increased Presbyterian participation and electoral success, particularly in the burghs. It notes that the surest way of breaking down ancient religious, cultural, and linguistic barriers that existed between Highland and Lowland, and of bringing the Highland into mainstream Scottish life, as well as counteracting the influence of Jacobitism, was to convert the Highland to reformed Presbyterianism.

Keywords: Anglo-Scottish union; Articles of Grievances; ecclesiastional reform; Episcopalian church government; burghs; Highland; Lowland; Jacobitism; Presbyterianism

Chapter.  16947 words. 

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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