Chapter

‘And the Gates of Hell Shall Not Prevail Against Her’: Securing the Church in the Event of a Union

Jeffrey Stephen

in Scottish Presbyterians and the Act of Union 1707

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780748625055
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653423 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625055.003.0002
‘And the Gates of Hell Shall Not Prevail Against Her’: Securing the Church in the Event of a Union

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This chapter discusses the parliamentary debates of passing an act for securing the Protestant religion and Presbyterian Church government. It observes that Presbyterians did not trust a British parliament to safeguard and maintain the constitution of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland, and believed that in a union in which Scotland would be governed from London by a British Parliament dominated by English Anglicans, including twenty-six bishops in the House of Lords, the Church of England would hold the advantage over them. It observes that historians have generally regarded the passing of the Act of Security for the Presbyterian Church as a triumph for government, a ‘master-stroke’ by Queensberry through which church opposition to union was neutralised. It notes that the evidence suggests that the act was the result of a government U-turn to rectify the blunder of leaving the church's security out of the original articles and placate a Presbyterian hostility.

Keywords: parliamentary debates; Protestant religion; British parliament; London; English Anglicans; House of Lords

Chapter.  19258 words. 

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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