Chapter

Sufyanid Accession and Succession, <i>c.</i> 660–683

Andrew Marsham

in Rituals of Islamic Monarchy

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780748625123
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653157 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.003.0007
Sufyanid Accession and Succession, c. 660–683

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The evidence for caliphal accession and succession became plentiful after the victory of the Marwanid Umayyads in the second civil war (683–92). However, what evidence there is for the Sufyanid Umayyad period indicates that many aspects of the Marwanid ritual had precedents in late-seventh-century practice. Indeed the reign of Mu،awiya b. Abi Sufyan and his son Yazid can be seen as a period of experimentation with the trappings of Near Eastern monarchy and the prelude to the establishment of a more successful Islamic state by their Marwanid cousins after the second fitna of 683 to 692. This is evident in the account of the rituals of Mu،awiya's accession and in the efforts to establish Yazid b. Mu،awiya as the successor. This chapter examines the Syriac account of Mu،awiya's accession. It also discusses the efforts to secure the succession of Yazid as Mu،awiya's successor. Discussed as well in this chapter are the: Sufyanid accessional ritual and the basis for Sufyanid support; dynastic succession; and succession at the Sufyanid court as seen in poetries of their time.

Keywords: caliphal accession; succession; Marwanid Umayyads; Sufyanid Umayyad; Mu،awiya's accession; Sufyanid accessional ritual

Chapter.  4551 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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