Machinery: Background, Planning and Departmental Organisation

Tim Brooks

in British Propaganda to France, 1940-1944

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2007 | ISBN: 9780748625192
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651351 | DOI:
Machinery: Background, Planning and Departmental Organisation

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This chapter describes machinery in order to show the creation and development of the British propaganda system, first presenting the background provided by the First World War and inter-war treatment of propaganda and its consequences on planning prior to 1939. It then discusses the development of the propaganda organisation after the outbreak of the Second World War. The legacy of First World War activities affected attitudes towards propaganda and influenced inter-war British planning. The establishment of Political Warfare Executive (PWE) was ‘the logical outcome of the initial lack of proper planning for enemy propaganda before World War Two broke out’. PWE's black propaganda to France was less offensive, but secrecy remained important. Different elements of 1930s planning were carried out in isolation from each other, so that only after the outbreak of the Second World War could the conflicts created be revealed and resolved.

Keywords: machinery; British propaganda; First World War; Political Warfare Executive; Second World War; British planning; black propaganda; France

Chapter.  12925 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Media Studies

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