Chapter

Surgical and Medical Chairs

Roger L. Emerson

in Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780748625963
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653652 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625963.003.0011
Surgical and Medical Chairs

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This chapter discusses the patronage of the medical chairs which was a more complicated matter because there were more interests to consider. It observes that deference was shown to the assessments of competence made by practitioners but a candidate's politics and his connections were always of interest. It opines that surgeons and physicians, like writers and advocates, the University and the town, had corporate interests to protect, as the numbers of medical students increased to become of great economic importance. It reports that by the end of the eighteenth century, the medical school in Edinburgh had brought well over a million pounds to the city's economy. It notes that the Council preserved its right to create chairs teaching the same subjects as the regius professorships created by the Crown, which meant the livings could be made worthless if the Crown's appointees were not liked.

Keywords: medical chairs; politics; surgeons; Edinburgh; regius professorships; Crown

Chapter.  23221 words. 

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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