Chapter

Reconciling Sufism with Theology: Abū l-Wafā al-Taftāzānī and the Construct of ‘al-Taṣawwuf al-Islāmī’ in Modern Egypt

Andreas Christmann

in Sufism and Theology

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9780748626052
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653126 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626052.003.0011
Reconciling Sufism with Theology: Abū l-Wafā al-Taftāzānī and the Construct of ‘al-Taṣawwuf al-Islāmī’ in Modern Egypt

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This chapter begins by analysing al-Taftāzānī's construct of ‘al-Tasawwuf al-Islāmī’. It focuses on his discursive strategies by which he tried to harmonise the mystical experiences of Sufism with modern Salafic ideals of Islamic reformism. This analysis is followed by a study of his attempts to demonstrate the harmonious relationship between Sufism and theology. This is done within the context of his lifelong goal to create a ‘religious philosophy’ that provides Muslims with an Islamically authentic Weltanschauung. Emulating al-Ghazali's Ihya 'ulūm al-dīn, it brings together all of Islam's traditional sciences. The analysis of these two parts is limited to the examination of al Taftāzānī's composition. The chapter ends with considerations on the politics of al-Taftāzānī's ‘discourse of harmony’.

Keywords: al-Taftāzānī; al-Tasawwuf al-Islāmī; Sufism; Islamic reformism; Sufism and theology; religious philosophy; discourse of harmony

Chapter.  10131 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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