Phonetics and phonology

Sandra Clarke and Andrew Erskine

in Newfoundland and Labrador English

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780748626168
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671519 | DOI:
Phonetics and phonology

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This chapter outlines the chief segmental (consonant and vowel) features of contemporary Newfoundland and Labrador English, and includes a brief introduction to IPA phonetic symbols and phonetic terminology. Wells’ lexical sets (Wells 1982, Accents of English) provide an organizational framework for vowel description; the vowels of standard or General Canadian English serve as a reference point. To capture the range of variation evident within the region, vowel and consonant features are presented not only for standard Newfoundland speech, but also for the province’s two major traditional rural vernacular varieties (Newfoundland and Labrador “Irish English” and “(southwest) British English”). These include shared features (e.g. TH-Stopping) as well as features differentiating the two regional types (e.g. postvocalic L articulation, syllable-initial H-deletion and H-insertion). The chapter also contains a brief description of Newfoundland English phonetic processes (deletion, insertion, assimilation), along with several prosodic or suprasegmental features (speech tempo, stress, pulmonic ingressive articulation).

Keywords: phonetic terminology; phonetic symbol; vowel features; consonant features; lexical sets; Irish English; southwest British English; phonetic processes; prosodic features

Chapter.  19180 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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