Chapter

Vocabulary and discourse features

Sandra Clarke and Andrew Erskine

in Newfoundland and Labrador English

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780748626168
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671519 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626168.003.0004
Vocabulary and discourse features

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Despite some lexical similarities with the neighbouring Maritime Provinces of Canada, Newfoundland English has a sufficiently distinctive lexicon to have merited its own dictionary. Chapter 4 documents and illustrates the main sources of this distinctiveness. These include retention of lexical items that represent archaisms elsewhere; preservation of much West Country English regional vocabulary; lexical borrowing from Irish Gaelic; and borrowing (of place names in particular) from French, as well as from the province’s aboriginal languages (Mi’kmaq, Innu-aimun, Inuktitut). The chapter also discusses neologisms and lexical loss, as well as regional variation. In addition, it outlines the chief processes underlying semantic change in Newfoundland English, much of which involves maritime-related vocabulary. Discourse features covered include terms of address and discourse particles.

Keywords: lexical archaisms; lexical borrowing; Irish Gaelic; West Country English vocabulary; neologisms; semantic change; maritime vocabulary; lexical loss; terms of address; discourse particles

Chapter.  10453 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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