Towards the Turning Point, July 1941–July 1943

John Gilmour

in Sweden, the Swastika and Stalin

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780748627462
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671274 | DOI:
Towards the Turning Point, July 1941–July 1943

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The period between July 1941 and January 1943 initially saw Sweden trying desperately to protect itself from the consequences of a rising tide of German success in the east. Then, as the German zenith passed, Sweden began to prepare for the adjustments required to accommodate the growing power of the Western Allies, who after December 1941 significantly included the formerly neutral United States. Sweden also kept an eye on the advancing Red Army and the prospects for Germany’s co-combatant, Finland, in the event of Soviet success. The objectives of the Allies were for Sweden to reduce its exports to the Axis countries, stop financial credits to Germany and reduce further the ‘Leave Traffic’ in return for agreement on quotas of goods vital to Sweden. The decision to end the transit of German troops in July 1943 was a return to Sweden’s pre-June 1940 neutrality.

Keywords: Schnurre; George Binney; Victor Mallet; Oil, coal and coke; Safe-Conduct Traffic; Lejdtrafiken eller Göteborgstrafiken; War Trade Agreement (WTA); Operation Performance; Lionel and Dicto; Hitler and King Gustav

Chapter.  7229 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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