Security, Subversion, Spies and Sabotage

John Gilmour

in Sweden, the Swastika and Stalin

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780748627462
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671274 | DOI:
Security, Subversion, Spies and Sabotage

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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One of the benefits for the Allies of Swedish neutrality and independence was the ability of agents based in Sweden to gather intelligence from, and support resistance in, occupied Europe while all the belligerents gathered intelligence in Sweden. The Swedish authorities were initially extremely nervous about Danish and Norwegian nationals operating as agents on Swedish territory. Sweden rightly anticipated proxy conflicts on Swedish territory or being used as a base for unauthorised armed operations against German forces in occupied Denmark and Norway. There seems to have been a certain amount of clandestine warfare between German agents and Norwegian agents in Stockholm leading to death as well as injury. During 1939–44, almost 2,000 people were arrested for activity against the state with espionage and intelligence activity accounting for 60 per cent, sabotage forming just over 11 per cent and the remaining 29 per cent detained on miscellaneous associated charges.

Keywords: SOE and Resistance; Sicherheitsdienst; Gestapo and Heydrich; MI6 or SIS; OSS; Centralen; Comintern; Allmanna Säkerhetstjänsten or AS; Intelligence; Sabotage

Chapter.  9447 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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