Chapter

Towards a New Relationship, 1979–1984

Steven Hurst

in The United States and Iraq since 1979

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780748627677
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672103 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.003.0002
Towards a New Relationship, 1979–1984

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The Iranian Revolution undermined America's hegemonic position in the Persian Gulf, transforming Iran from America's proxy into the primary regional threat to American interests. The Carter and Reagan administrations had therefore to seek a new strategy to preserve American regional hegemony. When Saddam Hussein instigated the Iran-Iraq war only to find it begin to go against him, the Reagan administration decided it had no choice but to prop up the Iraqi regime since an Iranian victory would leave the latter in a position to dominate the Gulf, menace Saudi Arabia and America's other regional allies and thus pose a deadly threat to American interests.

Keywords: Reagan; Iran-Iraq War; Saddam Hussein; Hegemony

Chapter.  10782 words. 

Subjects: US Politics

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